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Historical Notes

What was Father Josemaria Escriva’s reaction to the attempted military coup of July 18, 1936?

Like most people in Spain, Father Josemaria knew nothing about the military conspiracy against the Republican Government which culminated in the attempted coup on July 18, 1936. The rebellion took him by surprise, and he immediately had to go into hiding as his life was in danger in Madrid. Tags: Spanish Civil War, History, Freedom, Opus Dei, Politics, Franco

Historical Notes Introduction

With the assistance of the Center for Documentation and Studies on Josemaria Escriva (CEDEJ), José M. Cejas provides the historical viewpoint on questions about the life of Opus Dei founder St Josemaria Escriva, his family, the origins of Opus Dei and the political and social background of the time, St Josemaria’s attitude to the Spanish Civil War and Franco, and many other questions. Tags: History

Was the Escriva family well off or short of money?

Both, at different times. Josemaria Escriva was born in 1902 into a comfortably-off middle-class family. Tags: The Escriva family, History

What sort of childhood did Josemaria Escriva have?

Josemaria’s home town was Barbastro, a small but prosperous city with its own cathedral, in the north-east of Spain. Tags: Barbastro, The Escriva family, Logroño, Josemaria Escriva

Why did Josemaria’s father’s business fail?

Between 1912 and 1915 the effects of successive bad harvests impacted on textile sales. Tags: Barbastro, The Escriva family, Poverty, Josemaria Escriva

If Opus Dei had no members till the 1930s, why did Josemaria Escriva say it was founded in 1928?

Father Josemaria always said that “Opus Dei was founded on October 2, 1928,” because that was the day that God made him “see” Opus Dei, and what he had to do, deep in his soul. Tags: Barbastro, The Escriva family

What difficulties did Opus Dei meet with at the start?

Difficulties arose from different directions. There were Catholics who couldn’t understand Opus Dei’s message that holiness was for everyone, including ordinary lay-people. Tags: October 2, 1928, Founding of Opus Dei

What kind of people did Father Josemaria Escriva work with in Opus Dei’s early years?

As a priest, Father Escriva ministered to all sorts of different people. Tags: Founding of Opus Dei, Youth

What was Father Josemaria Escriva’s attitude towards the Second Spanish Republic?

Like many other people in Spain at the time, Father Josemaria initially had high hopes of the Second Spanish Republic, because it seemed to offer a remedy for the serious social problems of the day. Tags: Spanish Civil War, History, Freedom, Politics

Where did the first Opus Dei members stand politically?

Most of the first members of Opus Dei were students on various courses, coming from different parts of Spain, and with all sorts of political sympathies. Tags: